Module netapp_ontap.resources.audit

Copyright © 2022 NetApp Inc. All rights reserved.

Overview

Auditing for NAS events is a security measure that enables you to track and log certain CIFS and NFS events on storage virtual machines (SVMs). This helps you track potential security problems and provides evidence of any security breaches.

Examples


Creating an audit entry with log rotation size and log retention count

To create an audit entry with log rotation size and log retention count, use the following API. Note the return_records=true query parameter is used to obtain the newly created entry in the response.


from netapp_ontap import HostConnection
from netapp_ontap.resources import Audit

with HostConnection("<mgmt-ip>", username="admin", password="password", verify=False):
    resource = Audit()
    resource.enabled = True
    resource.events = {
        "authorization_policy": False,
        "cap_staging": False,
        "cifs_logon_logoff": True,
        "file_operations": True,
        "file_share": False,
        "security_group": False,
        "user_account": False,
    }
    resource.guarantee = True
    resource.log = {
        "format": "evtx",
        "retention": {"count": 10},
        "rotation": {"size": 2048000},
    }
    resource.log_path = "/"
    resource.svm = {"name": "vs1", "uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf"}
    resource.post(hydrate=True)
    print(resource)

Audit(
    {
        "enabled": True,
        "log": {
            "rotation": {"size": 2048000},
            "format": "evtx",
            "retention": {"count": 10, "duration": "0s"},
        },
        "log_path": "/",
        "svm": {"uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf", "name": "vs1"},
        "guarantee": True,
        "events": {
            "file_share": False,
            "authorization_policy": False,
            "user_account": False,
            "cap_staging": False,
            "cifs_logon_logoff": True,
            "security_group": False,
            "file_operations": True,
        },
    }
)


Creating an audit entry with log rotation schedule and log retention duration

To create an audit entry with log rotation schedule and log retention duration, use the following API. Note that the return_records=true query parameter is used to obtain the newly created entry in the response.


from netapp_ontap import HostConnection
from netapp_ontap.resources import Audit

with HostConnection("<mgmt-ip>", username="admin", password="password", verify=False):
    resource = Audit()
    resource.enabled = False
    resource.events = {
        "authorization_policy": False,
        "cap_staging": False,
        "cifs_logon_logoff": True,
        "file_operations": True,
        "file_share": False,
        "security_group": False,
        "user_account": False,
    }
    resource.guarantee = True
    resource.log = {
        "format": "xml",
        "retention": {"duration": "P4DT12H30M5S"},
        "rotation": {
            "schedule": {
                "days": [1, 5, 10, 15],
                "hours": [0, 1, 6, 12, 18, 23],
                "minutes": [10, 15, 30, 45, 59],
                "months": [0],
                "weekdays": [0, 2, 5],
            }
        },
    }
    resource.log_path = "/"
    resource.svm = {"name": "vs3", "uuid": "a8d64674-13fc-11e9-87b1-005056a7ae7e"}
    resource.post(hydrate=True)
    print(resource)

Audit(
    {
        "enabled": True,
        "log": {
            "rotation": {
                "schedule": {
                    "months": [0],
                    "days": [1, 5, 10, 15],
                    "minutes": [10, 15, 30, 45, 59],
                    "weekdays": [0, 2, 5],
                    "hours": [0, 1, 6, 12, 18, 23],
                }
            },
            "format": "xml",
            "retention": {"count": 0, "duration": "P4DT12H30M5S"},
        },
        "log_path": "/",
        "svm": {"uuid": "a8d64674-13fc-11e9-87b1-005056a7ae7e", "name": "vs3"},
        "guarantee": True,
        "events": {
            "file_share": False,
            "authorization_policy": False,
            "user_account": False,
            "cap_staging": False,
            "cifs_logon_logoff": True,
            "security_group": False,
            "file_operations": True,
        },
    }
)


Retrieving an audit configuration for all SVMs in the cluster


from netapp_ontap import HostConnection
from netapp_ontap.resources import Audit

with HostConnection("<mgmt-ip>", username="admin", password="password", verify=False):
    print(list(Audit.get_collection(fields="*", return_timeout=15)))

[
    Audit(
        {
            "enabled": True,
            "log": {
                "rotation": {"size": 2048000},
                "format": "evtx",
                "retention": {"count": 10, "duration": "0s"},
            },
            "log_path": "/",
            "svm": {"uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf", "name": "vs1"},
            "guarantee": True,
            "events": {
                "file_share": False,
                "authorization_policy": False,
                "user_account": False,
                "cap_staging": False,
                "cifs_logon_logoff": True,
                "security_group": False,
                "file_operations": True,
            },
        }
    ),
    Audit(
        {
            "enabled": True,
            "log": {
                "rotation": {
                    "schedule": {
                        "months": [0],
                        "days": [1, 5, 10, 15],
                        "minutes": [10, 15, 30, 45, 59],
                        "weekdays": [0, 2, 5],
                        "hours": [0, 1, 6, 12, 18, 23],
                    }
                },
                "format": "xml",
                "retention": {"count": 0, "duration": "P4DT12H30M5S"},
            },
            "log_path": "/",
            "svm": {"uuid": "a8d64674-13fc-11e9-87b1-005056a7ae7e", "name": "vs3"},
            "guarantee": True,
            "events": {
                "file_share": False,
                "authorization_policy": False,
                "user_account": False,
                "cap_staging": False,
                "cifs_logon_logoff": True,
                "security_group": False,
                "file_operations": True,
            },
        }
    ),
]


Retrieving specific entries with event list as cifs-logon-logoff, file-ops = true for an SVM

The configuration returned is identified by the events in the list of audit configurations for an SVM.


from netapp_ontap import HostConnection
from netapp_ontap.resources import Audit

with HostConnection("<mgmt-ip>", username="admin", password="password", verify=False):
    print(
        list(
            Audit.get_collection(
                return_timeout=15,
                **{"events.file_operations": "true", "events.cifs_logon_logoff": "true"}
            )
        )
    )

[
    Audit(
        {
            "svm": {"uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf", "name": "vs1"},
            "events": {"cifs_logon_logoff": True, "file_operations": True},
        }
    ),
    Audit(
        {
            "svm": {"uuid": "a8d64674-13fc-11e9-87b1-005056a7ae7e", "name": "vs3"},
            "events": {"cifs_logon_logoff": True, "file_operations": True},
        }
    ),
]


Retrieving a specific audit configuration for an SVM

The configuration returned is identified by the UUID of its SVM.


from netapp_ontap import HostConnection
from netapp_ontap.resources import Audit

with HostConnection("<mgmt-ip>", username="admin", password="password", verify=False):
    resource = Audit(**{"svm.uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf"})
    resource.get()
    print(resource)

Audit(
    {
        "enabled": True,
        "log": {
            "rotation": {"size": 2048000},
            "format": "evtx",
            "retention": {"count": 10, "duration": "0s"},
        },
        "log_path": "/",
        "svm": {"uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf", "name": "vs1"},
        "guarantee": True,
        "events": {
            "file_share": False,
            "authorization_policy": False,
            "user_account": False,
            "cap_staging": False,
            "cifs_logon_logoff": True,
            "security_group": False,
            "file_operations": True,
        },
    }
)


Updating a specific audit configuration of an SVM

The configuration is identified by the UUID of its SVM and the provided information is updated.


from netapp_ontap import HostConnection
from netapp_ontap.resources import Audit

with HostConnection("<mgmt-ip>", username="admin", password="password", verify=False):
    resource = Audit(**{"svm.uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf"})
    resource.enabled = False
    resource.patch()


Deleting a specific audit configuration for an SVM

The entry to be deleted is identified by the UUID of its SVM.


from netapp_ontap import HostConnection
from netapp_ontap.resources import Audit

with HostConnection("<mgmt-ip>", username="admin", password="password", verify=False):
    resource = Audit(**{"svm.uuid": "ec650e97-156e-11e9-abcb-005056bbd0bf"})
    resource.delete(force=True)

Classes

class Audit (*args, **kwargs)

Auditing for NAS events is a security measure that enables you to track and log certain CIFS and NFS events on SVMs.

Initialize the instance of the resource.

Any keyword arguments are set on the instance as properties. For example, if the class was named 'MyResource', then this statement would be true:

MyResource(name='foo').name == 'foo'

Args

*args
Each positional argument represents a parent key as used in the URL of the object. That is, each value will be used to fill in a segment of the URL which refers to some parent object. The order of these arguments must match the order they are specified in the URL, from left to right.
**kwargs
each entry will have its key set as an attribute name on the instance and its value will be the value of that attribute.

Ancestors

Static methods

def count_collection(*args, connection: HostConnection = None, **kwargs) -> int

Fetch a count of all objects of this type from the host.

This calls GET on the object to determine the number of records. It is more efficient than calling get_collection() because it will not construct any objects. Query parameters can be passed in as kwargs to determine a count of objects that match some filtered criteria.

Args

*args
Each entry represents a parent key which is used to build the path to the child object. If the URL definition were /api/foos/{foo.name}/bars, then to get the count of bars for a particular foo, the foo.name value should be passed.
connection
The HostConnection object to use for this API call. If unset, tries to use the connection which is set globally for the library or from the current context.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will be sent as query parameters to the host. These query parameters can affect the count. A return_records query param will be ignored.

Returns

On success, returns an integer count of the objects of this type. On failure, returns -1.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400, or if there is no connection available to use either passed in or on the library.

def delete_collection(*args, records: Iterable[_ForwardRef('Audit')] = None, body: Union[Resource, dict] = None, poll: bool = True, poll_interval: Union[int, NoneType] = None, poll_timeout: Union[int, NoneType] = None, connection: HostConnection = None, **kwargs) -> NetAppResponse

Deletes an audit configuration.

  • vserver audit disable
  • vserver audit delete

Learn more


Delete all objects in a collection which match the given query.

All records on the host which match the query will be deleted.

Args

*args
Each entry represents a parent key which is used to build the path to the child object. If the URL definition were /api/foos/{foo.name}/bars, then to delete the collection of bars for a particular foo, the foo.name value should be passed.
records
Can be provided in place of a query. If so, this list of objects will be deleted from the host.
body
The body of the delete request. This could be a Resource instance or a dictionary object.
poll
If set to True, the call will not return until the asynchronous job on the host has completed. Has no effect if the host did not return a job response.
poll_interval
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how often to query the job for updates.
poll_timeout
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how long to continue monitoring the job's status for completion.
connection
The HostConnection object to use for this API call. If unset, tries to use the connection which is set globally for the library or from the current context.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will be sent as query parameters to the host. Only resources matching this query will be deleted.

Returns

A NetAppResponse object containing the details of the HTTP response.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400

def find(*args, connection: HostConnection = None, **kwargs) -> Resource

Retrieves audit configurations.

  • vserver audit show

Learn more


Find an instance of an object on the host given a query.

The host will be queried with the provided key/value pairs to find a matching resource. If 0 are found, None will be returned. If more than 1 is found, an error will be raised or returned. If there is exactly 1 matching record, then it will be returned.

Args

*args
Each entry represents a parent key which is used to build the path to the child object. If the URL definition were /api/foos/{foo.name}/bars, then to find a bar for a particular foo, the foo.name value should be passed.
connection
The HostConnection object to use for this API call. If unset, tries to use the connection which is set globally for the library or from the current context.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will be sent as query parameters to the host.

Returns

A Resource object containing the details of the object or None if no matches were found.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned more than 1 matching resource.

def get_collection(*args, connection: HostConnection = None, max_records: int = None, **kwargs) -> Iterable[Resource]

Retrieves audit configurations.

  • vserver audit show

Learn more


Fetch a list of all objects of this type from the host.

This is a lazy fetch, making API calls only as necessary when the result of this call is iterated over. For instance, if max_records is set to 5, then iterating over the collection causes an API call to be sent to the server once for every 5 records. If the client stops iterating before getting to the 6th record, then no additional API calls are made.

Args

*args
Each entry represents a parent key which is used to build the path to the child object. If the URL definition were /api/foos/{foo.name}/bars, then to get the collection of bars for a particular foo, the foo.name value should be passed.
connection
The HostConnection object to use for this API call. If unset, tries to use the connection which is set globally for the library or from the current context.
max_records
The maximum number of records to return per call
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will be sent as query parameters to the host.

Returns

A list of Resource objects

Raises

NetAppRestError: If there is no connection available to use either passed in or on the library. This would be not be raised when get_collection() is called, but rather when the result is iterated.

def patch_collection(body: dict, *args, records: Iterable[_ForwardRef('Audit')] = None, poll: bool = True, poll_interval: Union[int, NoneType] = None, poll_timeout: Union[int, NoneType] = None, connection: HostConnection = None, **kwargs) -> NetAppResponse

Updates an audit configuration for an SVM.

  • vserver audit modify

Learn more


Patch all objects in a collection which match the given query.

All records on the host which match the query will be patched with the provided body.

Args

body
A dictionary of name/value pairs to set on all matching members of the collection. The body argument will be ignored if records is provided.
*args
Each entry represents a parent key which is used to build the path to the child object. If the URL definition were /api/foos/{foo.name}/bars, then to patch the collection of bars for a particular foo, the foo.name value should be passed.
records
Can be provided in place of a query. If so, this list of objects will be patched on the host.
poll
If set to True, the call will not return until the asynchronous job on the host has completed. Has no effect if the host did not return a job response.
poll_interval
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how often to query the job for updates.
poll_timeout
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how long to continue monitoring the job's status for completion.
connection
The HostConnection object to use for this API call. If unset, tries to use the connection which is set globally for the library or from the current context.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will be sent as query parameters to the host. Only resources matching this query will be patched.

Returns

A NetAppResponse object containing the details of the HTTP response.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400

def post_collection(records: Iterable[_ForwardRef('Audit')], *args, hydrate: bool = False, poll: bool = True, poll_interval: Union[int, NoneType] = None, poll_timeout: Union[int, NoneType] = None, connection: HostConnection = None, **kwargs) -> Union[List[Audit], NetAppResponse]

Creates an audit configuration.

Required properties

  • svm.uuid or svm.name - Existing SVM to which audit configuration is to be created.
  • log_path - Path in the owning SVM namespace that is used to store audit logs.

Default property values

If not specified in POST, the following default property values are assigned: * enabled - true * events.authorization_policy - false * events.cap_staging - false * events.file_share - false * events.security_group - false * events.user_account - false * events.cifs_logon_logoff - true * events.file_operations - true * log.format - evtx * log.retention.count - 0 * log.retention.duration - PT0S * log.rotation.size - 100MB * log.rotation.now - false * guarantee - true

  • vserver audit create
  • vserver audit enable

Learn more


Send this collection of objects to the host as a creation request.

Args

records
A list of Resource objects to send to the server to be created.
*args
Each entry represents a parent key which is used to build the path to the child object. If the URL definition were /api/foos/{foo.name}/bars, then to create a bar for a particular foo, the foo.name value should be passed.
hydrate
If set to True, after the response is received from the call, a a GET call will be made to refresh all fields of each object. When hydrate is set to True, poll must also be set to True.
poll
If set to True, the call will not return until the asynchronous job on the host has completed. Has no effect if the host did not return a job response.
poll_interval
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how often to query the job for updates.
poll_timeout
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how long to continue monitoring the job's status for completion.
connection
The HostConnection object to use for this API call. If unset, tries to use the connection which is set globally for the library or from the current context.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will be sent as query parameters to the host. Only resources matching this query will be patched.

Returns

A list of Resource objects matching the provided
type which have been created by the host and returned. This is _not_
 
the same list that was provided, so to continue using the object, you
 

should save this list. If poll is set to False, then a NetAppResponse object is returned instead.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400

Methods

def delete(self, body: Union[Resource, dict] = None, poll: bool = True, poll_interval: Union[int, NoneType] = None, poll_timeout: Union[int, NoneType] = None, **kwargs) -> NetAppResponse

Deletes an audit configuration.

  • vserver audit disable
  • vserver audit delete

Learn more


Send a deletion request to the host for this object.

Args

body
The body of the delete request. This could be a Resource instance or a dictionary object.
poll
If set to True, the call will not return until the asynchronous job on the host has completed. Has no effect if the host did not return a job response.
poll_interval
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how often to query the job for updates.
poll_timeout
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how long to continue monitoring the job's status for completion.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will be sent as query parameters to the host.

Returns

A NetAppResponse object containing the details of the HTTP response.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400

def get(self, **kwargs) -> NetAppResponse

Retrieves an audit configuration for an SVM.

  • vserver audit show

Learn more


Fetch the details of the object from the host.

Requires the keys to be set (if any). After returning, new or changed properties from the host will be set on the instance.

Returns

A NetAppResponse object containing the details of the HTTP response.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400

def patch(self, hydrate: bool = False, poll: bool = True, poll_interval: Union[int, NoneType] = None, poll_timeout: Union[int, NoneType] = None, **kwargs) -> NetAppResponse

Updates an audit configuration for an SVM.

  • vserver audit modify

Learn more


Send the difference in the object's state to the host as a modification request.

Calculates the difference in the object's state since the last time we interacted with the host and sends this in the request body.

Args

hydrate
If set to True, after the response is received from the call, a a GET call will be made to refresh all fields of the object.
poll
If set to True, the call will not return until the asynchronous job on the host has completed. Has no effect if the host did not return a job response.
poll_interval
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how often to query the job for updates.
poll_timeout
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how long to continue monitoring the job's status for completion.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will normally be sent as query parameters to the host. If any of these pairs are parameters that are sent as formdata then only parameters of that type will be accepted and all others will be discarded.

Returns

A NetAppResponse object containing the details of the HTTP response.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400

def post(self, hydrate: bool = False, poll: bool = True, poll_interval: Union[int, NoneType] = None, poll_timeout: Union[int, NoneType] = None, **kwargs) -> NetAppResponse

Creates an audit configuration.

Required properties

  • svm.uuid or svm.name - Existing SVM to which audit configuration is to be created.
  • log_path - Path in the owning SVM namespace that is used to store audit logs.

Default property values

If not specified in POST, the following default property values are assigned: * enabled - true * events.authorization_policy - false * events.cap_staging - false * events.file_share - false * events.security_group - false * events.user_account - false * events.cifs_logon_logoff - true * events.file_operations - true * log.format - evtx * log.retention.count - 0 * log.retention.duration - PT0S * log.rotation.size - 100MB * log.rotation.now - false * guarantee - true

  • vserver audit create
  • vserver audit enable

Learn more


Send this object to the host as a creation request.

Args

hydrate
If set to True, after the response is received from the call, a a GET call will be made to refresh all fields of the object.
poll
If set to True, the call will not return until the asynchronous job on the host has completed. Has no effect if the host did not return a job response.
poll_interval
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how often to query the job for updates.
poll_timeout
If the operation returns a job, this specifies how long to continue monitoring the job's status for completion.
**kwargs
Any key/value pairs passed will normally be sent as query parameters to the host. If any of these pairs are parameters that are sent as formdata then only parameters of that type will be accepted and all others will be discarded.

Returns

A NetAppResponse object containing the details of the HTTP response.

Raises

NetAppRestError: If the API call returned a status code >= 400

Inherited members

class AuditSchema (*, only: Union[Sequence[str], Set[str]] = None, exclude: Union[Sequence[str], Set[str]] = (), many: bool = False, context: Dict = None, load_only: Union[Sequence[str], Set[str]] = (), dump_only: Union[Sequence[str], Set[str]] = (), partial: Union[bool, Sequence[str], Set[str]] = False, unknown: str = None)

The fields of the Audit object

Ancestors

  • netapp_ontap.resource.ResourceSchema
  • marshmallow.schema.Schema
  • marshmallow.base.SchemaABC

Class variables

enabled GET POST PATCH

Specifies whether or not auditing is enabled on the SVM.

events GET POST PATCH

The events field of the audit.

guarantee GET POST PATCH

Indicates whether there is a strict Guarantee of Auditing

Example: false

log GET POST PATCH

The log field of the audit.

log_path GET POST PATCH

The audit log destination path where consolidated audit logs are stored.

svm GET POST PATCH

The svm field of the audit.